Posted by: Jack Henry | December 24, 2014

Editor’s Corner: Eighth Day of English

On the eighth day of English

My true love gave to me

A lovely little table of the

Eight parts of spee-ee-ee-eech.

Here is a table of the eight parts of speech including what they are, what they do, and some examples.

Part of Speech Function or "Job" Example Words Example Sentences
verb action or state (to) be, have, do, run, lift, argue, see, speak, flee, fall, sleep · Joanna is a fabulous cook.

· I like to sing in the shower while I scrub my feet.

noun person, place, or thing Common nouns: sheep, river, grass, pencil, hummingbird

Proper nouns: Billy, Colorado, Eiffel Tower

· Those are my dogs.

· Sherry lives in a gigantic house outside of Dallas.

· My cousin plays the piano.

adjective describes a noun Some, good, big, blue, fascinating, terrible, filthy · He brought vanilla pudding to the festive gathering.

· I love big, furry, friendly dogs!

adverb describes a verb, adjective, or adverb quickly, silently, well, badly, very, really · Mavis tip-toed silently through the woods. She was carefully tracking the elusive Bigfoot!
pronoun replaces a noun I, you, he, she, some · Sir Dugan is a generous man. He gave each of his visitors a gold coin.

· She sells seashells by the seashore.

preposition links a noun to another word to, at, in, on, over, above, under · Over the hills and through the woods, to Grandmother’s house we go.
conjunction joins clauses or sentences or words and, but, or, nor, yet · John and Pedro are renting horses to ride up to the summit.

· Darla hates cabbage but she love lettuce.

interjection short exclamation, sometimes inserted into a sentence Oh!, Ouch!, Hi! · Hi! How are you?

· Wait! Don’t go in there because I haven’t wrapped your presents yet.

· Ouch! Why did you put a tack on my chair?

And articles, which we discussed on the Third Day of English, are considered by some to be the ninth part of speech. We’re going for the traditional eight here, however.

Kara Church

Technical Editor, Advisory

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